It’s the Little Things in Pregnancy…Power of Micronutrients

We hear about the importance of macronutrients on a regular basis for pregnancy (which is very true and required); consuming protein, fats and carbohydrates. While they are essential components to our health (like the gas in our car), micronutrients (like the oil in our car) found in fruits and vegetables are equally critical to our health. For example, magnesium is responsible for or a component of 200-300 functions within the body.

Micronutrients tend to be overlooked. Micronutrients are all the vitamins, minerals, enzymes, etc (phytonutrients) made in nature, there are not just a select few that many people focus on, but rather all are critical and have a purpose in our body for optimal function and assimilation. Micronutrients are nutrient transporters, co-factors for processes within the body; they cleanse, repair, rebuild and protect cells which is essential to our health no matter what age, phase (pregnant or not), fitness ability, etc. Studies have shown that the level of micronutrients in our blood correlate with pregnancy (and baby) health, reduction of oxidative stress (free radical damage) and systemic inflammation, physical fitness performance,  immune system function, cardiovascular health and many other components of our health.

Pregnant woman with abundance of vegetables and fruits in kitchen

Some additional examples of the critical roles of Micronutrients  include:

  • Calcium mineralizes our bones
  • Vitamin C makes our collagen strong.
  • Sodium, potassium and calcium synergize and moderate hydration and muscle contractions.
  • Vitamin K allows blood to clot when we get a cut.
  • Vitamin E, an antioxidant, protects healthy cells from being damaged.
  • Micronutrients are required for optimal macronutrient metabolism and they protect DNA.  If we do not have cellular health and our DNA is not protected, we can experience increased aging, defective cell replication, etc.

Micronutrients are most prevalent in fruits and vegetables; each of these whole foods contains thousands of phytonutrients (vitamins, minerals, nutrients, etc). Ensure you are consuming the Food Fundamentals to provide your body with the tools it needs for increased health; healthy proteins, healthy fats, healthy carbs, fruits and vegetables (at least a variety of 7-13/day).


MelanieMelanie is the Wellness Coordinator for Willowsong Midwifery Care, a Certified Health Coach (through the Institute of Integrative Nutrition and AADP), and more importantly a mom of 3 small children. She is very passionate about empowering moms and children in attaining overall health and wellness and loves supporting Willowsong Families with health classes, free initial prenatal consults, information via blogging and much more! Melanie approaches health from a holistic perspective, meaning that she believes each component of our lives creates our overall health and wellness. You are welcome to connect with Melanie anytime via email (

Please don’t just take Melanie’s experience…as always consult with your medical professional and your own self understanding when making health decision; Melanie is not a medical professional, a nutritionist or dietician. She does not hold a degree in medicine, dietetics, or nutrition. Melanie makes no claim to any specialized medical training, nor does she dispense medical advice or prescriptions. This content is not intended to diagnose or treat any disease, preconception or pregnancy health. It is intended to be provided for informational, educational, and self-empowerment purposes ONLY. Please consult with your doctor or wellness team if you have questions and then make your own well-informed decisions based upon what is best for your unique genetics, culture, conditions, and stage of life.